To Know About Varanasi
Varanasi is also known as “KASHI” or “BENARAS” and Varanasi is one of the oldest religious city in India and it’s also famous as a pilgrimage vacation spot for Hindus, Varanasi city is basically situated on the bank of the Ganga river in UP. this a major religious hub in India.
The Varanasi name derives from two rivers — Varuna and Assi ghat which meet in the Varanasi. Varanasi is also known for the bathing ghats alongside the banks of the Ganga river. In Varanasi the variety of things to do, like chanting the prayers, the vibrancy of tradition, visiting quiet Ghats.
In this city there are 80+ ghats, Dasashwamedha Ghat is one of the famous ghats in Varanasi, where The Ganga Aarti held every evening 6:00 PM IST is a sight to behold.
Varanasi is also famous for Tourism. Domestic tourist mostly visit for religious functions while international tourist go-to for ghats along River Ganges and Sarnath
Varanasi grew as an essential industrial center, well-known for its muslin and silk cloth, perfumes, sculpture, and ivory works.
The Best place to visit in Varanasi (KASHI)
- Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple
- Banaras Hindu University (New Kashi Vishwanath Temple)
- Sankat Mochan Temple
- Dhamek Stupa
- Chaukhandi Stupa
- Ganges River
- Dasaswamedh Ghat (Ganga Aarti)
- Assi Ghat
- Shri Durga Temple
- Ramnagar Fort
- Darbhanga Ghat
- Tulsi Manasa Temple
- Nepali temple
- Batuk Bhairav Mandir
- Bharat Mata Mandir
- Shivala Ghat
- Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum
- Chunar Fort
- ISKCON Varanasi
Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple
Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the most famous Hindu temples in Varanasi, Kashi Vishwanath Temple is also called the Golden temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The Kashi Vishwanath Temple is located on the bank of the Ganga river. Kashi Vishwanath Temple is very near to Dasashwamedha Ghat. It is located in Varanasi, UP, India. Kashi Vishwanath Temple is also called KASHI.
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of Jyotirlinga of the Shiva. The Vishveshvara Jyotirlinga has a very special and unique significance in the spiritual history of India.
The Maratha monarch, Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar constructed the Kashi Vishwanath Temple in the year 1780 .
Shri Vishwanath (Birla Temple) Temple
Shri Vishwanath Temple is one of the best place to visit in Varanasi. Shri Vishwanath Temple is a famous temple in Varanasi. Which is located in Varanasi, UP, India. This temple is situated within the campus of BHU (Kashi Hindu University). Shri Vishwanath Temple (Birla temple) is totally dedicated to Lord Shiva and It is also called the new Vishwanath temple (Birla temple). This temple is situated at a distance of seven km from Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple. The Shri Vishwanath Temple or Birla temple is the highest temple in India.
Sankat Mochan Temple
Sankat Mochan Temple is a famous temple in Varanasi, UP, India. Sankat Mochan Temple is totally dedicated to Lord Hanuman. Sankat Mochan Temple is one of the holy temples of the Lord Hanuman in Kashi UP. Sankat Mochan temple is located in the southern part of Varanasi city, and very near to the Durga Mandir (Durga Kund) and New Vishwanath temple Kashi Hindu University (BHU). Sankat Mochan Mandir is constructed by Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya in the early 1900s.
Every year celebrated the Hanuman Jayanti by organizing a Shobha Yatra from the Durga Mandir (Durga Kund) to the Sankat Mochan Mandir.
Sarnath is a small village in varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India located about 13 km north-east of Varanasi. Sarnath is the vacation spot for cultures like Hindu, Buddha, and Jain. There’s a village 1 km away from the Sarnath often called the Singhpur the place Shreyansanath was born. He was often called the eleventh Tirthankara of Jainism. Formerly often known as Isipatana, The Sarnath is also a famous place where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma or where Buddha preached his first sermon and where the Buddhist Sangha got here into existence by way of the enlightenment of Kondanna.
Buddha is believed to have based mostly Buddhism proper right here around 528 BCE whereas he gave his first sermon, “The placing in the motion of the Wheel of the city’s religious importance endured developing within the eighth century, whereas Adi Shankara established the worship of Shiva as a legit sect of Varanasi.
Through the Muslim rule by way of the center for a very long time, the town endured as a vital center of Hindu devotion, pilgrimage, mysticism, and poetry which as well as contributing to its popularity as a center of cultural importance and non-secular schooling.
The Buddha went from Bodhgaya to Sarnath 5 weeks after his enlightenment. Earlier than Gautama attained enlightenment, he gave up his austere penances and his friends, the Pañcavaggiya monks left him and went to Isipatana
There are various different suttas preached by the Buddha at Isipatana besides the Dhammacakkappavattana, a few of them are:
- The Anattalakkhana Sutta
- The Saccavibhanga Sutta
- The Panca Sutta
- The Rathakara or Pacetana Sutta
- The two Pasa Suttas
- The Samaya Sutta
- The Katuviya Sutta
- The Metteyyapanha of the Parayana
- The Dhammadinna Sutta
Sarnath is famous because it has grown to become a major center of the earliest Sammatiya college of Buddhism. At Sarnath, the picture of Lord Shiva and Brahma had been found. A Jain temple is situated at Chandrapuri near the Dhamekh Stupa.
The Famous Stupa in Sarnath
- Dharmarajika Stupa
- Chaukhandi Stupa
Chaukhandi Stupa is also called ‘Chaukhandi’ because of Chaukhandi Stupa’s four-armed plan.
A historic Buddhist site in Sarnath is generally known as Chaukhandi Stupa has been declared to be a “protected area of national importance” by the Archaeological Survey of India.
It is one of the most important Buddhist stupas in Sarnath. Because the Lord Buddha and his first disciples met here while traveling from Bodh Gaya to Sarnath.
The Chaukhandi Stupa is also called a terraced temple have been built during the Gupta period between the 4th to 6th Century.
The Dharmarajika Stupa was constructed by Emperor Ashoka within the 3rd Century BC to enshrine the relics of Buddha at the time of their re-distribution. It’s situated in Sarnath, India. Based on legend, Ashoka opened seven relic stupas – however, didn’t touch the Ramgram Stupa, because it was guarded by the Nagas.
Dharmarajika Stupa is an extremely huge spot situated close to the Dhamekh Stupa. It is viewed as that this spot has the remaining parts of the bones of the Lord Buddha. It was worked by King Ashoka which was demolished in 1794 by the Jagat Singh (to get blocks for another development reason) during which a container with bones was found. The case is as yet kept securely at the Indian Museum, Kolkata. It is considered as the bones were arranged off in Ganga by the Jagat Singh.
Ganga River is one of the most famous rivers in India that flows from the land of Bangladesh through the Gangetic plains of North India. The Ganga river is considered holds religious significance in Kashi UP. So, it is worshipped by the Hindus. Kashi is situated on the bank of the Ganga river and there 80+ Ghats along the river Ganga in Varanasi. Each Ghats has its own specialty and specific religious rituals.
Dashashwamedh ghat is one of the oldest and important ghat, situated on the bank of the Gange River near the Kashi Vishwanath Temple in Varanasi.
There are two Hindus mythologies about the Dashashwamedh ghat, One is that the Lord Brahma created to welcome Lord Shiva, and another mythology where the Lord Brahma has sacrificed the ten horses in a yajna performed here.
Dashashwamedh ghat is also famous for evening Ganga Arti which is performed by the young priests dressed in saffron. During the Ganga Arti Thousands of earthen lamps are immersed in the bank of the Ganga river and Gange water as a floating lamp and the smell of sandalwood envelops the Dashashwamedh ghat.
Assi Ghat is also the famous ghat in Kashi which is situated in the southern in Varanasi. To most visitors to Varanasi, it is known for being a place where long-term researchers, foreign students, and tourists live.
Assi ghat is a spot of the huge crowd all any Hindu festivals the place devotees come to take holy bath in the Gange water to eliminate from there the entire earlier sin. It is also thought-about that earlier than any Pooja, bathing the Gange water put together the one for doing Pooja. It makes the mind, soul, and body clear and peaceful and fills with nonsecular thoughts.
Durga Mandir, also called Durgkund Mandir and Durga Temple, is among the most well-known temples within the holy city of Varanasi. Durga Mandir temple has nice spiritual significance in Hinduism and is totally dedicated to the Maa Durga. Durga Mandir was constructed by Bengali Maharani in the 18th century.
Subsequent to the temple is a kund which was earlier linked to the Ganga River. Durga Mandir is located on the Sankat Mochan street, adjoining to Durga Kund, near north of Tulsi Manas Mandir, 1Kilo meters north-east of Sankat Mochan Mandir and 1.5 kilometers north of BHU.
Ramnagar Fort is situated on the bank of the eastern Ganga river. Kashi Naresh, the king of Varanasi, constructed the building Ramnagar Fort in the 17 century. It was just 2 Km from the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) and 15KM from Varanasi cant railway station. Ramnagar Fort is just opposite right to the Tulsi Ghat.